It's meaning - There is
none who has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.
It's pillars are:
1. The negation phrase – there is no deity
worthy of worship (Laa Ilaaha)
2. The confirmation phrase – except Allaah (IllaaAllaah)
The phrase: ”there is no deity worthy of
worship” negates all other false objects of worship while the phrase “except Allaah” confirms that there
is only one true God worthy of worship who has no partners.
The conditions of the Shahaadah (testimony of
Faith) are eight:
1. ‘Ilm (Knowledge): Knowledge of it's
meaning - what is confirmed by it and what is negated by it...As previously stated it was mentioned that the meaning of: “There
is none that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah” is that all other objects of worship that mankind set up
as partners with Allaah are false.
2. Yaqeen (Certainty): Certainty of it's meaning,
free from doubt or suspicion. This means on must be upon certainty that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.
3. Al-Ikhlaas (Sincerity): This means the sincerity
the servant has towards only his Lord, in all acts of worship. For example, if anyone deviates from this sincerity to Allaah
and directs it toward a Prophet, a walee, an idol, a king, the jinn or any other false object of worship, than certainly he
is guilty of committing shirk (polytheism) and has contradicted this condition of the Shahaadah (testimony of Faith), which
4, As-Sidq (Truthfulness): It's meaning is to
speak the truth in order to remove any traces of hypocrisy. This is the meaning of Sidq. It also means to observe truthfulness
with the tongue as well as the heart. If sidq is only observed by the tongue and not by the heart, then this condition of
sidq (truthfulness) has not been met.
5. Al-Mahabbah (Love): It's meaning is to love
Allaah. The declaration of the Shahaadah requires that the person loves Allaah. If someone declares his faith but does not
love Allaah then he's at a stage of kufr, where he doesn't enter into Islam, as was the way of the hypocrites. The proof for
this is in the saying of Allaah:
“Say (O Muhammad, to mankind) if you really
love Allaah then follow me. Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allaah is oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
[Surah Aali ‘Imran: 31]
6. Al-Inqiyaad (Compliance): One must comply
with the obligations of the Shahaadah. This means to carry out all the obligatory duties with faith and certainty that these
obligations are the rights your Lord has over you. If one fails to worship Allaah and to adhere to his Legislation, showing
arrogance and animosity towards it, then he is not from the believers, as was the case with Iblees (the Devil) and others
of his nature.
7. Al-Qubool (Acceptance): One must accept the
Shahaadah and it’s meaning. This means accepting all its conditions with sincerity and worshiping only Allaah. It also
entails leaving off that which is worshipped besides Allaah as equals, whilst being firm on this and pleased with it.
8. Rejection of anything worshipped besides Allaah:
The meaning of this condition is that one must stay clear of and distance himself from all acts of worship other than the
worship of Allaah. And he must recognize, with certainty that all acts of worship, which are not done solely for Allaah, are
false and to be rejected.
Allaah says in the Qur’aan: “Whoever
disbelieves in the Taghoot (false deities and systems) and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold
that will never break. And Allaah is the All=Seeing, All-Knowing.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 256]